GEMM 2020

CURS este partener într-un proiect numit „Creştere, Oportunităţi Egale, Migraţie şi Pieţe”, denumit GEMM, finanţat de Comisia Europeană în cdrul programului Orizont 2020, Programul de Lucru Ştiinţe Sociale şi Umaniste 2014/2015, Invitaţia de propuneri EURO-2-2014: agenda europeană de creştere Cercetare şi Inovare, acţiunea 4: Migraţie, prosperitate şi creştere. Consorţiul este format din echipe de specialişti din Marea Britanie (coordonator), Germania, Italia, Spania, Bulgaria şi România.

Proiectul are obiective şi metodologii specifice aşa cum sunt ele prezentate în continuare (în limba engleză).

This project addresses the challenges and barriers that European countries face in managing the mobility of persons to realize competitiveness and growth. For markets to function optimally, we identify two migration-related drivers of growth: the efficient use of existing human capital and managing mobility of human capital both from within and from outside Europe. A key barrier for these drivers to contribute to growth is ethnic inequality. Inequality can be a result of the skill composition and resources of the migrant population, but also of markets not functioning optimally, for example due to ethnic discrimination, or institutional arrangements that affect the flexibility of the labour market. Inequality thus inhibits the two drivers of growth and can result in economic decline, the inability to face the demographic challenge in Europe, a scarcity of skilled labour, or an innovation deficit. The contribution of the GEMM project is to deliver an in-depth assessment of the two drivers of growth and their relation to ethnic inequality in the European labour market. We achieve this through a unified WP research agenda that focuses on different types of migrants defined by the qualifications they possess. Time and again, research has found that educational levels of migrants and labour market participation rates are positively associated (Kahanec 2013). Highlighting the outcomes of migrants by educational level allows us to adopt a more nuanced approach and deliver recommendations of great practical and policy relevance, targeting specific groups of migrants, particularly high-skilled and prospective migrants. Depth is added by considering different determinants of inequality at three levels – individual, contextual and institutional. Many analyses of labour market disadvantage remain uni-dimensional and often conflate determinants (Phillips 2011). In contrast, GEMM strives for scientific rigour and balance that better reflect the multi-faceted migration phenomenon. GEMM has five objectives. Objectives 1 to 4 guide the research undertaken in the substantive WPs (WPs 2-5). Objective 5 translates into a set of policy recommendations (WP6). More specifically, Objectives 1 and 2 address the efficient use of human capital as the first migration-related driver of growth. Objectives 3 and 4 predominantly address the second driver: managing mobility of human capital. Naturally, the drivers are related. Evidence of underutilization of human capital can severely impair the attraction of a receiving society to a prospective skilled migrant. At the same time, little mobility of skilled labour might imply that the full potential of migrant human capital is left unexplored. Each of our substantive WPs has a core focus related to one driver but also delivers crosscutting evidence to encompass the multi-dimensionality of disadvantage. Objective 1. To outline the factors related to the successful labour market incorporation of migrants Objective 2. To contribute to the scholarly knowledge of the causes of discrimination, by carrying out a cross-national analysis of ethnic discrimination in the European labour market Objective 3. To better understand the ability of EU societies to attract human capital by capturing the ‘lived’ experiences of mobility and migration (WP4 where CURS is included). Objective 4. To analyse how institutional arrangements can reduce ethnic inequality and enhance the two drivers of growth in order to realise a competitive and innovative European labour market. Objective 5. To formulate a set of policy lessons informed by the empirical evidence and our analysis of institutional arrangements.

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